The population of Vietnam is basically consists of 54 differing ethnic groups, with Kinh (Viet) people make up around 90% of that total. This ancestral composition influenced largely by the two most dominant historical cultures of the region, China and India, although anthropologically linked to the Mongolic race of people who proliferate northern and eastern Asia.
The breakdown of the language groups is as follows: Eight groups by the Vietnamese language
- The Viet - Muong Group includes 4 ethnic groups: Chut, Kinh, Muong, Tho. The Tay
- Thai Group includes 8 ethnic groups: Bo Y, Giay, Lao, Lu, Nung, San Chay, Tay, Thai.
- The Mon - Khmer Group includes 21 ethnic groups: Ba Na, Brau, Bru-Van Kieu, Cho Ro, Co, Co Ho, Co Tu, Gie Trieng, Hre, Khang, Khmer, Kho Mu, Ma, Mang, M'nong, O Du, Ro Mam, Ta Oi, Xinh Mun, Xo Dang, Xtieng.
- The Mong - Dao Group includes 3 groups: Dao, Mong, Pa Then.
-The Kadai Group includes 4 ethnic groups: Co Lao, La Chi, La Ha, Pu Peo.
- The Nam Dao Group includes 5 ethnic groups: Cham, Chu Ru, Ede, Gia Rai, Raglai.
- The Han Group includes 3 ethnic groups: Hoa, Ngai, San Diu. - The Tang Group includes 6 ethnic groups: Cong, Ha Nhi, La Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La, Si La.
Conical hat - a typical gift from Vietnam
Despite significant cultural difference, including language, these groups have lived in harmony and worked closely together in times of both war and peace, now sharing in the development of the country with co-operative enthusiasm, particularly in the area of tourism and health.